The Alzheimer's Library
About Dementia


About Dementia7
Alzheimer's Disease (AD)3
Binswanger's Disease
Bipolar Disorder and Dementia2
Cancer and Dementia3
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease5
Down's Syndrome1
Early-Onset Alzheimer's Disease (EOAD)
Early-onset dementia - It isn't always Alzheimer's1
Early-Onset Familial Alzheimer's Disease (eFAD)
Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD or FTLD)
HIV-Related Cognitive Impairment2
Huntington's Disease2
Korsakoff's Syndrome1
Lewy Body Dementia (LBD)9
Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)6
Mixed Dementia4
Multiple Sclerosis6
Niemann-Pick Disease Type C
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH)8
Overlap Among the Dementias9
Parkinson's Dementia10
Potentially Reversible or Treatable Dementias
Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA)6
Prion Diseases1
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
Rarer Causes of Dementia1
Semantic Dementia1
Thyroid Hormone Deficiency (Hypothyroidism)
Vascular Dementia (VaD)
Vitamin B12 Deficiency1
Dementia is a set of symptoms, not a disorder. The dementia symptoms include loss of memory, judgment and reasoning, and changes in mood and behaviour. These symptoms may affect a person's ability to function at work, in social relationships or in day-to-day activities. Alzheimer's disease is the most common disorder that causes dementia symptoms. Other dementia disorders include, e.g., Vascular Dementia, Lewy body Dementia, Frontotemporal Dementia and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Sometimes symptoms of dementia can be caused by conditions that may be treatable, such as depression, thyroid disease, infections or drug interactions. If the symptoms are not treatable and progress over time, they may be due to damage to the nerve cells in the brain.
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